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What flavor is that?
Taste andflavor are very different. Taste is a chemical
process, whileflavor is the combination of our sense of
taste and our sense of smell.When you taste something
you describe as delicious, you are actually using your
senses of both taste and smell. For example, when you
eat an orange, your receptors sendmessages of sweet
and sour tastes to your brain, and your sense of smell
gives you a full experience
of theflavor.
Have you ever had a cold and
had trouble picking up on
flavor of foods youwould
usually enjoy?That’s an
example of your taste buds
working independently of
your sense of smell.
Thefive tastes
There are five primary
taste sensations:
• Sweet
describes natural and other sugars,
such as fructose (often found in soda).
• Sour
describes acids found in lemons, limes
and oranges.
• Salty
describes the chemical compound of
sodium chloride, or (youguessed it) salt.
• Bitter
describes vegetables such as
brussels sprouts, kale or spinach. The
back of the tongue is very sensitive to
bitter tastes.
• Savory
, or umami, describes foods rich
inprotein such asmeats, cheeses
and tomatoes.
Thefifth tastewas discoveredby a
Japanese researcher in1910when
tasting seaweed. He named the taste
“umamai,” the Japaneseword for
delicious and savory. In addition to
naturally occurring savory tastes,
foods containingglutamate (found
inMSG and added to someChinese
food) also fall into this category.
Bring a pair of earplugs.
Many earplugs reduce the sound
across frequencies, so you’ll
still be able to hear themusicwhile
protecting your ears from
hearing loss.
Going toa
Doyou crave chocolate? Pine for pizza?Cringewhen
you detect the tiniest bit of blue cheese inyour salad?
That’s your body’s sense of taste at work.
Similar to your sense of touch, you experience your
sense of taste through receptors. Receptors are
clustered in taste buds on our tongue. Each person
has about 10,000 taste buds to contain these 50-150
receptor cells. The cells live for one or twoweeks
and then create new cells.
While itwas previously believed that taste buds
contained in the small bumps on your tongue
were clustered in separate locations according
to sensation, each taste bud actually contains
taste cells of all sensations, with the sides of the
tonguemore sensitive than themiddle.When
the taste receptors are stimulated by food or
drink, they send signals to the brain.
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